Ten Cent Menu
Capped Bust Ten Cent 1809 - 1837
German imigrant Reich began work as second engraver to Scot March of 1807. From 1807
to 1817 he performed most of the chief engraver's work until he resigned in 1817. He
began work with cutting dies for his first Capped Bust coins, the 1807 half dollars.
Upon completion of the half dollar, half eagle, cent and quarter eagle, Reich began
work on the dime.
Capped Bust Large Diameter
Designer: John Reich
Content: 89.2% silver 10.8% copper.
Diameter: 18.9 millimeters
Weight: 2.7 grams
Mint Mark Location: None (all coins were minted in Philadelphia)
Large Diameter 1809-1828
Reich's Capped Bust Liberty of 1809 was was more streamlined than the previous
Draped Bust Liberty. Many years later William Ewing DuBois said that the model
was a woman he called "Reich's fat German mistress."
1809 with the "Capped Bust" entered production with a new "Lifted Wings" eagle on
its reverse. The new design also had the denomination on the reverse: 10c. which
was of course an abbreviation for "ten cents". The coin stayed in production unchanged
The Type 1 Capped Bust dime is often known as the "Large Size." A more accurate designation
would be the "Open Collar" type. They were struck without a restraining collar which gave
them a broad, low-rimmed appearence and a slightly larger diameter. They were actually 1.1 mm
smaller than the Draped Bust dime which came just before it. The type 1 is only larger
in relation to its smaller successor the type 2, issued from 1828 onward. In reality,
diameters vary widely over the years.
All dates are available even in gem uncirculated condition, but, the low mintage 1809,
1811 and 1822 are the scarcest. Some proofs, exist for the years 1820 and later. Unlike
variety collectors, type collectors have few serious challenges with this series.
Capped Bust Small Diameter
Small Diameter 1828-1837
There was some confusion among collectors about a second variety of "Capped Bust"
dimes. Around 1827-1828 a new process was began going from an "open collar" to a
"closed collar" dies in the minting process. This did make for a slightly smaller
diameter coin. Most experts and authors of books on the subject agree that the size
difference does not really constitute another variety.
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U.S. Bust Dimes