$10 Gold Menu
Indian Head Gold Eagle 1907 - 1933
Some believed the obverse to be Henrietta (Hettie) Anderson, others say the
Indian was modeled after a figure of Nike (Victory). For the reverse, Saint-Gaudens
adapted a standing eagle which had been used before on the inaugural medal created
for Theodore Roosevelt in 1905.
The wire and rolled rim motif differs from most circulation issue in that there
are raised periods before and after the reverse inscriptions. Some of these coins
are called "Proof", but since all are struck from the same pair of dies, they are
all Mint State, or they are all Proofs.
Designer: Christian Gobrecht
Content: 90% gold 10% other
Diameter: 26.8 millimeters
Weight: 16.7 grams
Mint Mark Location: Left of the arrowheads on the reverse.
Type 1, 2 and 3
Wire Edge No Motto with Periods
The coinage of the 1907 with wire rim on the obverse and periods after
the legend on the reverse is unknown. Estimates vary slightly, but 500
to 550 would seem to be the best guess, but at least 70 of these were
melted in 1914-1915. The exact figures will never be known (assuming some
uncovered or long-hidden records are not found). Current estimates of the
population is 325 - 375, all with semi-lustrous (some where between matte
and mint frost) surfaces.
Rolled Edge No Motto with Periods
The exact mintage of the "rolled edge" Eagle is unknown, it has been estimated
from 20,000 to 34,100. However, most were melted at the mint, and an estimated
population of 50 coins is believed to have survived
After testing, it was found that these Indian Head coins (Wire Rim - Mintage
500) would not stack, a problem for commerce, and the modified rounded rim
(Rolled Rim - Mintage 42) would still not stack satisfactorily.
Since the wire rims would not stack well, it was left to Charles Barber
to make additional changes (he had changed the raised rim to the rounded
rim) so that the coin could be produced efficiently and in large enough
quantities for commerce. Barber's artistic efforts were criticized, but
the technical changes were successful in terms of coin production.
Rounded Edge No Motto w/o Periods
That phrase IN GOD WE TRUST appeared on the previous Liberty Head eagles,
and was in fact mandated by the Act of March 3, 1865, but it was left off
by Saint-Gaudens. Some say that the omission was approved by Teddy Roosevelt,
who apparently believed that placing religious references on circulating
coinage was blasphemy: the same coin that appeared in this week's offering
plate may be used to gamble with next week. Congress disagreed with Roosevelt,
encouraged by strong public opinion, the motto was added to reverse later in 1908.
Rounded Edge With Motto w/o Periods
|Mint Mark||Mint||Date of Operation|
|S ||San Francisco, CA||1854-1955; 1968-present|